Causes of Uneven Development (Different Impacts (Historical causes are…
Causes of Uneven Development
Economic weakness slows down development for various reasons.
The main exports of undeveloped countries are Primary Products, which are not as valuable as manufactured goods. This can lead to a trade deficit.
Moreover, the price of primary products vary greatly at different times, which can have devastating effects on a poorly developed economy.
When most of a country is in poverty, people have lower life expectancy and less access to education. This weakens the economy of the country.
When the economy is weak and trade is weak, it is difficult for it to become more powerful. Economic growth is exponential and takes a long time to accelerate.
Physical conditions of a country can effect the economy.
Landlocked countries have no way of accessing the ocean inside their borders, which reduces the potential trade.
Being situated in a place vulnerable to natural disasters and extreme weather can slow down development.
Climate related disease can set back development in a country.
Limited amounts of water has major impacts on agriculture and life expectancy.
Countries which have only recently become sovereign nations or were colonies in the past have weaker economies than countries which have been historically powerful.
Many African and American countries were kept as colonies for centuries. Most of the countries kept as colonies have weak economies.
Struggles for political power are common in recently sovereign countries, due to the loss of their former leadership.
Much of the populations of colonized countries were given poor education and were not given good jobs (as they were given to the colonizers), so the people there do not have easy access to education or the skills required for high skilled, high paying jobs.
Historical causes are more likely to lead to political struggles or a lack of education in countries.
Physical causes are very difficult to prevent, and effective technology to reduce the impact of severe physical causes is expensive.
Economic causes are often based on location of the country and it's history of development, since that impacts the trade of the country, which is vital for a stable economy for economic development.