Rehabilitation (Strength and Balance Terminology (SLR- ( straight leg…
Strength and Balance Terminology
SLR- ( straight leg raise) - ROM performed at hip if there is a lower extremity injury that prevents knee ROM
OPEN KINETIC CHAIN EXERCISE- exercises where the extremities are free to move.
Manual Resistance- using partner to provide resistance through motion.
CLOSED KINETIC CHAIN EXERCISE- when the extremity remains in constant contact with an immovable surface.
RROM- ( resistive range of motion) - clinician or other device provides resistance to patient performing movement.
NEUROMUSCULAR CONTROL- ability for muscles to respond to environmental changes.
PRE- (progressive resistive exercise) - exercise that becomes increasingly more difficult.
Goals of Injury Rehabilitation
Regain/ increase ROM and flexibility
Return to functional and sports specific activity
Regain/ increase endurance
Regain/ increase strength and power
Maintain conditioning of whole body!
Functional and Sports Specific Terms
Motor Learning- practice and experience increase skilled.
Specificity- the theory that training should be relevant to what the desired results should be
Functional Training- training the body for activities that must be performed in daily lives
SAID Principle ( specific adaptations to imposed demands) - body will adapt to demands placed upon it
ADL ( activities of daily living) - procedures or things that must be accomplished daily in order to properly function
Requires smooth, coordinated movements across multiple planes
In training, exercises must be able to transfer over to the desired movements if the desired speed
Components of the movement can be isolated, but goal is multi-joint coordination
Repetition of movement is important for motor learning
Isotonic- Muscle contraction where the joint moves and the muscle gets shorter and lengthens.
Isokinetic- Muscle contractions with a constant speed.
Isometric- Muscle contraction but no joint movement.
Strength and Balancing Later Stages
Plyometric Exercises- movements that involve speed, agility, and power.
Agility- harmonious functioning of muscles, joints, bones, and soft tissue during the performance of motor skills
Goniometer- tool used by clinicians to measure a patient's ROM; similar to a protractor in math.
AROM- ( active range of motion)- Patient performs motion by his/herself.
Objective Measurement- concrete, observable, accurate
PROM- ( passive range of motion)- clinician moves patient through ROM.
Subjective Measurement- estimate, non- observable
AAROM- ( active assisted range of motion)- clinician assists patient when patient has trouble performing movement.
Sports Specific Training
Factors that must be considered: Movements required, endurance, strength and agility, surface, facility or environment, equipment, rules of sport, and gradual progression back to full competition.