INTRODUCTION TO E-LEARNING (environment of organizations training with e…
INTRODUCTION TO E-LEARNING
environment of organizations training with e-learning
Public de-learning policies: differences between school, university and business environments and future policies
• Provision is not mandatory and centers tend to be characterized by a wide range of autonomy, which is why direct action public policies tend to be more complex. The establishment of incentives could be a good policy. The autonomy of institutions can be positive, in a flexible framework.
• Public financing is usually partial, so public policies have to take into account the market and the relationship with private companies
• The evaluation of the results is more complex
• The capacity for public intervention is limited and there is a free market, which hinders the action of public policies. Perhaps the best model is public support along with incentive policies
• Public financing may not be preponderant, although it depends on countries. If not important, government action as a leader may be the optimal policy
• The evaluation of the results of the e-learning policies is the most complex.
Related to school
• The provision is mandatory and the autonomy of the centers is limited, so that public direct action could have, if well executed, satisfactory results, visible in the short / medium term
• Public funding is usually direct, which determines the nature of the policies implemented
• The evaluation of the results of public policies is relatively simpler
public policies on e-learning
Public policies in relation to such transversal aspects as e-learning must be integrated into a general framework for the development of technology and innovation as a means to increase productivity, standards of living and equal opportunities.
Programs to promote e-learning must be coherent and possi- ble. Public intervention must be intense, in the formation of human capital, infrastructures and the provision of e-learning services. Governments have to assume a leading role.
aspects of educational policies
The e-learning is an educational modality whose existence implies an active use of digital technologies, and at the same time, the resignification of traditional educational processes. Its emergence is understood as an evolution of traditional distance education, and also, as a modality that can facilitate learning throughout life.
Second, the distinction between traditional distance education and e-learning is highlighted. For Bates and Guri-Rosenblit, e-learning is a phenomenon associated with the development of the internet that allows the creation of educational communities among students, among teachers, and between students and teachers, and that precisely seeks to eliminate the "distance" feature of the non-face-to-face education.
In the first place, its constructivist and collaborative character is highlighted. For Garrison and Anderson, e-learning would represent a teaching modality whose hallmark would be the ability to create simultaneous and accessible communities at any time and place, both investigative and teaching.
organizational development of e-learning
company and organization
The company and the organization is a series of structures that have the objective of forming an organization oriented to the production of goods and services within an organizational and economic environment.
he structures that are presented in The company and the organization are:
The functional structure, which is where the usual activities of the company are developed
• The hierarchical structure is the one that orders relationships based on a common authority, in pursuit of a common objective that the company has.
• The decision structure allows decisions to be made for a better functioning of the company.
keys for the management of a new educational organization
In this new environment, in the heat of an increasingly diversified training demand, new providers of higher education appear (virtual universities, business schools, corporate universities) with different profiles and objects.
Strategic analysis of the environment: by environment is understood the set of factors external to the company that significantly influence the business strategy and that it can not control.
In this case of higher education, by industry is meant the set of companies, universities, business schools, corporate universities, which offer higher education programs
The access of new competitors may be limited by the existence of barriers to entry
• Substitute products limit the potential performance of an industrial sector
• When suppliers or clients have a high bargaining power, the attractiveness of an industry decreases.
• The degree of rivalry within an industry depends, at least in part, on the number of competitors that operate in it.
THE ADHOCRATIC MODEL
This organizational model does not have a defined structure, since its design can take different forms, depending on the needs of response to the tasks and objectives to be developed.
THE LINEO-FUNCTIONAL MODEL
This model is of mixed nature, since it combines the basic principles of vertical and horizontal design, in order to take advantage of the first two models: linear and functional. On the other hand, it also aims to avoid the drawbacks of these organizational forms.
THE FUNCTIONAL MODEL
This model is based on the maximum use of functional specialists at the main hierarchical levels. The objective is to increase the productivity of the company thanks to the specialization, so that the hierarchical positions are stripped of some authority and responsibility in favor of these specialists. Therefore, the structure is flattened or developed in its operational base.
THE DIVISIONAL MODEL
In order to give greater speed to decision-making and autonomy to the activities of large companies, overcoming the disadvantages of the previous model, the divisional form is designed, which is based on the use of the principle of divisionalization, on which pivot the remaining principles of one or the other way of structuring the organization.
THE LINEAR MODEL
This model is based on the principle of hierarchy and the maintenance of the command unit. This reinforces the principle of authority and the structure is oriented bureaucratically towards the process or pyramidal development (high organization) of the same, in the case of companies of a certain size. It is an advisable form for small and medium companies with simple operations or with a technically unsophisticated technical system, given its efficiency in the supervision of the tasks and the control of the results, apart from being a structure of low operating cost.
legal aspects of e-learning
Self-directed learning is a process by which a student is self-motivated and has their own initiative to manage their learning progress within a course. In virtual education this process is an indispensable strategy that every virtual student must put into practice because it is one of the key pieces to be able to raise their potential and performance in this learning modality.
Copyright is one of the main intellectual property rights, whose objective is to solve a series of conflicts of interest that arise between the authors of the intellectual creations, the publishers and other intermediaries that distribute them and the public that consumes them. (Bondía, 1988).