Paris Peace Conferences 1919 (Versailles (Article 231: Germany was blamed:…
Paris Peace Conferences 1919
Signed on November 11th 1918 at 5am in France
34 terms in total, but the most important one is: termination of military hostility within six hours from signature.
Dominated by: Japan, USA, Britain, France, Italy.
Most important of the Treaties.
It was signed by 44 states June 28, 1919.
Formed by 400 articles.
Article 231: Germany was blamed: “as a consequence of the war imposed upon them by the aggression of Germany and her allies.”
Lost land (Denmark and Belgium
Lost overseas colonies
Reduce arm force
Prohibited certain weapons
Created the League of Nations: an organization for international cooperation.
Widrow Wilson, Georges Clemenceau and David Lloyd George were the main people involved in the decision making.
Set the base for the creation of the United Nations.
The Treaty of Saint Germain-En-Laye was signed with Austria at the time that World War One ended. The precise day was September the 10th 1919.
This Treaty recognized the independence of the countries of Hungary, Poland, Yugoslavia and Czechoslovakia.
At the start of World War One Austria-Hungary had an Empire of 30 million humans which occupied and covered 116,000 square miles. By signing this Treaty Austria-Hungary got land-locked reducing it's population to 6 million people who covered just 32,400 square miles.
The Austrian Army was reduced to 30,000 men which was just enough manpower for the face to face the attack from Communist Russia.
The Austrian country that was constructed by this treaty had a powerless and fragile military and hesitated financially.
This led to the creation a a colossal instability for Europe during the two World Wars that happened in the past.
St.Germain applied the price that Austria had to pay even though the Treaty stated
The League Of Nations were included in the Convey of the treaty and the combination of Austria with Germany was forbidden if not accepted by the Council of the League.
Reparations have been established but never came to life.
The Austro-Hungarian Empire got dismantled, Tyrol lost towards Italy.
To conclude afterwards Austria went for bankrupt unfortunately before all of the various reparations could be established.
Treaty of Treaty of Neuilly-sur-Seine
Signed on November 27th 1919
The treaty requested Bulgaria to give up some of its territories
cede Western Thrace (region in greece) to the Entente
cede an area to the Serbian border
reduce its army to 20,000 men.
pay reparations of £100 million
recognize the existence of the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes.
Peace agreement of 1920
It formally ended WW1 between most of the Allies of World War One and the Kingdom of Hungary
It stated that
“the Allied and Associated Governments affirm and Hungary accepts the responsibility of Hungary and her allies for causing the loss and damage to which the Allied and Associated Governments and their nationals have been subjected as a consequence of the war imposed upon them by the aggression of Austria-Hungary and her allies.”
it defined Hungarian borders and regulated its status as an independent state
As with all the other treaties with those who had fought against the Allies, Hungary suffered territorial losses that affected her economic strength, military restrictions and population issues.
Also known as '
A Deliberate Policy'
All the treaties signed by the defeated nations had at their core a desire to ensure that none of the Central Powers could ever become a threat to European peace again.
The Treaty of Trianon ensured that the new Hungary would have a minimal growth in her economic clout.
one of the series of treaties that the central powers signed, after their defeat in WWI. They signed the 10 August 1920, in France .This treaty started the division of the Ottoman Empire and it's fall. On the eastern front there were created new governments.