Aristotle's Function Argument (The Good Life (Aristotle's…
Aristotle's Function Argument
The Good Life
2 Modes of Inquiry
facts, numbers, science, figures
having to do with what is good, what there is to do, what should be done, what it is we should do
we decide at which things to aim at, actions are aimed at certain things, focused on what kinds of structures there are, focuses on the ends
take action x (means) in order to y (ends)
what are the ends?
ends are the goods towards which we aim
What kinds of things are good/worth aiming at?
goods (objects): things we make or aim as a result of some technical skill/manufacture/production (saddle-making)
these things are goods and can be good as the kind of thing that they are
what makes them good members of their kind?
:!: they contribute to higher goods, base level goods that are good within themselves :!:
goods (state): states that are worthy of being aimed at and good to be in, good as an x (means) because it is in state y (ends)
often think of a thing as a good for its kind bc of the state that it is in (things w virtues are good), good in and of itself :!:
what makes something good?
not only if you could make/produce it, but if you could make/produce it :!:WELL:!:
Aristotle's Political Science
master scheme (ordering) of goods
individual agents and their inter-relationships, what they do as individuals and what they can do together in a group, aim for the ultimate highest good
similar to Mill,
is a good measure for determining which things are more preferable to aim at than others, what you should prioritize
what is good for us to aim at?
it is whatever it is that is good for us, both as individuals and as a group
what good is it for humans to aim at?
:!: the highest and most complete good :!:
no good is greater than it, it is sufficient for making a pursuit good, intrinsic
complete: worth pursuing in isolation for its own sake
ex: intelligence, courage, self control
tells us what is best to do w respect to the structure of goods
what should we do?
aim at the highest, most complete good
how do we achieve that?
break it down into components
what means can i take to help me achieve this end?
what really is the ultimate end?
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2 Kinds of Happiness
psychological/emotional happiness (pleasure)
what kant thought happiness is
:!: total complete happiness :!: (flourishing)
requires that one meet certain external conditions, throuhgout entire lifetime
one must not die young or suffer immensely
one must not be disdained after death, something happens to you physically or your legacy