Civics Exam (Threats to Social Cohesion (Media bias (Media bias is the…
Threats to Social Cohesion
Media bias is the bias or perceived bias of journalists and news producers within the mass media in the selection of events and stories that are reported and how they are covered.
dishonest or fraudulent conduct by those in power, typically involving bribery.
a personal reason for involvement in an undertaking or situation, especially an expectation of financial or other gain.
a state of disorder due to a disregard of the law.
Organized crime is a category of transnational, national, or local groupings of highly centralized enterprises run by criminals who intend to engage in illegal activity, most commonly for money and profit. Some criminal organizations, such as terrorist groups, are politically motivated.
An outlaw motorcycle club is a motorcycle subculture that has its roots in the immediate post-World War II era of North American society.
Crimes that use computer networks or devices to advance other ends include: Fraud and identity theft (although this increasingly uses malware, hacking or phishing, making it an example of both "computer as target" and "computer as tool" crime) Information warfare.
Hate speech prosecution of politicians is a common phenomenon in established democracies.
Features of Indonesian Government
A Representative Democratic Republic
History of Democracy
Three levels of government
Separation of Powers
Issues in Indonesian Government - eg. Death Penalty
Features of Australian Government (p 438-449)
The Westminster System
The Westminster system is a parliamentary system of government developed in the United Kingdom. This term comes from the Palace of Westminster, the seat of the British Parliament. The system is a series of procedures for operating a legislature.
The Head of State
Internationally, for the purposes of protocol, the United Nations list of heads of state has for Australia "(Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II)", in brackets, above the name and title of the Governor-General, "His Excellency Sir Peter Cosgrove"
The Two Party System
The party's ideology has been referred to as conservative
Labor's constitution has long stated: "The Australian Labor Party is a democratic socialist party and has the objective of the democratic socialisation of industry, production, distribution and exchange, to the extent necessary to eliminate exploitation and other anti-social features in these fields".
Representative democracy is a type of democracy founded on the principle of elected officials representing a group of people, as opposed to direct democracy
Principles of Government
In Australia, the principle of responsible government works together with the principle of the separation of powers to guide the way in which law is made and managed (Separation of Powers: Parliament, Executive and Judiciary).
People elect the Government
The right to dissent - example of protest
Processes to resolve differences
A Cohesive Society
The UN indicators of a Cohesive Society
Effective Law Enforcement
Trust in the government
A Divisive Society
The example of Israel/USA
How do Democratic Safeguards Protect Social Cohesion