Feminism and the Patriarchy (Radical (Private sphere (KM: the family…
Feminism and the Patriarchy
KM: the family oppresses mothers and socialises children into rigid roles based on gender
Charlotte Bunch: Heterosexual relationships cause a discrepancy in power. Political lesbianism is the solution.
Andrea Dworkin: Porn is used to make men perceive women as sex objects.
Patriarchy is particularly prevalent in private life, not just domestic life.
The personal is political: Private life affects public life so cannot be ignored in analysing women's oppression
Germaine Greer: Women's sexuality is viewed negatively
KM: Nuclear family should be abolished and replaced with child-rearing communes
Andrea Dworkin: Nuclear family abolished and replaced with lesbian communities.
Shulasmith Firestone: Embrace androgyny. Perfect world= reproduce without men.
The cause of the growth of patriarchy is socialisation in childhood
Economics cause gender equality. Capitalism created patriarchy.
Women are used as unpaid workers in the home to allow their husbands to easily pursue work.
Women reproduced and socialised their children, creating further cycles of capitalistic oppression.
CPG: Economic independence= female liberation
Juliet Mitchell: Some aspects of patriarchy exist outside of capitalism and they must be fought also
SR: Women are doubly oppressed- must sell their labour to survive in the workplace and to labour as mothers.
Women are used as cheap forms of labour under the capitalist system. The gender pay gap allows for owners to earn more profits but at the expense of women workers.
SR: Women have always been oppressed under capitalism and require a socialist revolution to escape it - 'revolution within a revolution'
Abolishing capitalism will free women from being used as a 'cheap source of labour'.