Schizophrenia (Diagnosis and Clarification of Schizophrenia (Key facts…
Diagnosis and Clarification of Schizophrenia
Schizophrenia is a severe mental illness where contact with reality and insight are impaired, an example of psychosis.
Suffered by about 1% of the population
More commonly diagnosed in men rather than women
More commonly diagnosed in upper class and in cities compared to rural areas.
Classification of Schizophrenia
Doesn't have a single characteristic - cluster of symptoms that seem to be unrelated
Two major systems for the classification of mental disorder are the ICD-10 and the DSM-5
They differ slightly in the classification of schizophrenia
One positive symptom for example hallucinations, delusions or speech disorganisation
Two or more negative symptoms are sufficient
Additional experience beyond those of ordinary existence
Unusual sensory experiences
Some are related to events in the environment, some are not