American Culture and Identity: City on a Hill (Three main ideas…
American Culture and Identity: City on a Hill
Three main ideas
Massachusetts Bay Colony
conditions and outcomes
founded in 1630; Governor John Winthrop
700 religious exiles from England - PURITANS
like minded Christians w/ British style social structure
Emerson, Hawthorne & Thoreau come from MBC
1636: R. Williams' ideas of separation of state and church gets him expelled form Massachusetts
Founds Rhode Island: a place of religious freedom
inscribed into the Bill of Rights
Anne Hutchinson objected to community's focus on acts, not faith
Great Awakening (1730-50)
'Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God'
Enlightenment influence - Newton, Locke, etc.
universe is orderly, as God decreed
leads to slowly moving away from Puritanical belief
religious revivals by Whitehead, Edwards
Second Great Awakening (1790s-1850)
'Minister's Black Veil'
Mormonism founded in 1830-38 by Joseph Smith in Western New York state
'A Model of Christian Charity'
motivation: economic and religious
basis: The Bible
government: liberal? + conservative
the collective over individual
CHARITY, UNITY, COMUNALISM
both church and state
what's at stake?
everyone's eyes are at the settlers
a kind of Christian socialism
'Sinner in the Hands of an Angry God'
point by point - logic
10 points (like the Bible)
sin is holding them down
snake mouth open
the fiery pit
open hand of God
'The Minister's Black Veil'
at the time of the First Awakening
written in the Second Awakening
hiding true self
nothing terrible in what he says (in contrast to Edwards)
- a moral lesson though story
individual relationship w/ God
The alienation from the community
'stop worrying about other's sins and tend to your own'?
pride? vs. sacrificial?
what about the woman who died?
who is the victim of the veil? Elizabeth? Hooper? The woman?
a problem that shows Hooper his own frailty
What kind of Christianity?
'Calvinist' (reformed) theology
biblical authority is inerrant
salvation marked out by God from the beginning of time
individuals can do nothing to affect their salvation
American religiosity, compared two ways
half of Americans believe religion to be important
a lot of wealth, but also religion