Rhetorical Devices & Their Functions (Rhetorical Devices (Hyperbole…
Rhetorical Devices & Their Functions
to provoke a response, to cast something in a strong light
"I am fat as a cow"
to spark the reader's imagination, or make a pointed observation
"I have a huge wound on my arm" Don't be such a baby, its just a scratch.
a comparison with like or as
“Her hair is as dark as the night”
to call attention to extremes
A dog can run really fast, however, a cat can jump really high
a comparison without like or as
“Her hair is the night”
to illustrate an idea, a feeling, or the particular qualities of something; to produce a feeling, idea or tone.
the sun was so bright that day you could see nothing but yellow, and glares of sun everywhere.
to make a pointed comparison, often a very powerful comparison
“Her hair is as dark as the night"
to create a memorable phrase
"She sells sea shells by the sea shore"
to point out an apparent contradiction
"war is peace"
to provide a concrete example or humanize an abstract concept
"John was missing his family when across the country. With facebook, however, he was able to stay connected."
to convey complexity
This shop is always open, but it is now closed.
to disarm the audience, diffuse hostility, warn the reader to the writer's ideas
"the guarantee ran out when you took the package home."
to create a sense of overwhelming force or magnitude
I go home, I do homework, then I go to sleep
to ridicule and inspire reform
"1+1 = 2" "1 + 1 = 5"
Selection of detail
to concertize a particular idea, fact, or feeling
I walked out into the desert…I thought I was the only one here.”
Sarcasm, verbal irony
to ridicule or criticize
Oh boy, I love waiting all day for nothing special
repeting a certain phrase or word over and over
"I will do my homework. I will do my homework."
a regular sentence with a verb and subject
I like to walk, run, and sleep everyday.
to create a memorable, powerful effect, to reinforce an idea
"It was. It was. It was."
to communicate an attitude towards the subject
I hate the way people think!
to create a memorable phrase
"The art of losing isn't hard to master
to communicate an attitude towards the subject that cuts beyond the attitude that appears on the surface
A movie that seems to be a comedy turns into a horror
to lend authority an idea, to make an association with something the reader knows
"I was surprised her nose was not as big as Pinocchio's."
Words w/ Heavy connotations
to cast the subject in a particular light, to imply
"There is a guest in my house" | "There is an intruder in my house"
to provoke the reader to respond or to think or lead them to the next idea
what do you want?
appeals to reason, emotion, patriotism, religion, ethics, etc
to provoke the audience to respond in a particular way, to tap into a reader's intellect feelings, needs, values, etc
Man, cristo rey is a tough school.
short, staccato sentences
to call attention to an idea
killer bees attacked south america and many were harmed.
to convey energy or intense feelings
in 10 seconds or less you should be able to read this entire sentence without really trying.
to draw attention to something while pretending not to do so
I won't even mention how bad I am at mind maps
to ridicule, chastie or convey contempt
you are a dirty and smiley cheater
to draw attention to something while pretending to be subtle
You are not wrong