Chapter 3: SELF-MOTIVATION AND THE ISLAMIC PERSPECTIVE OF MOTIVATION (3.5…
Chapter 3: SELF-MOTIVATION AND THE ISLAMIC PERSPECTIVE OF MOTIVATION
Self-motivation is the ability to do what needs to be done, without influence from other people or situations
Elements that determine self-motivation
3.1 Overcoming shyness
Causes of shyness:
-Physical handicaps, unattractive,appearance and social norms.
-Lack of social skills.
Importance of Overcoming Shyness:
-Good interpersonal relationships start with good communication.
-Good communication comes from people who are able to express their ideas and opinions without holding them back.
-If you are a shy person, it is very difficult to create a good relationship with others. Even though you are a good person, people may evaluate you negatively.
How to overcome shyness:
Observe and imitate the behaviour of others who have excellent social skills Observations and imitations will guide you on how to behave appropriately. Take people with excellent social skills as your role models. Observe how he or she moves around people, approaches others, and initiates and ends conversations.
Role play allows you to rehearse the desired behaviour with trusted friends rather than just observing them. This technique is useful in building your self-confidence and refining your social skills.
Avoid being a perfectionist
Do not aim for perfection, remember we are all human, and humans tend to make mistakes. Allow yourself to make mistakes and learned from them. Treat every failure as a learning experience.
3.2 Building self-confidence
-Self-confidence is essentially feeling or showing trust in one’s own abilities.
-It consists of attitudes or beliefs that empower individuals to have positive yet realistic perceptions of themselves and their situations.
-Self-confident people are generally characterized by optimism, assertiveness, boldness, eagerness, independence, and the ability to handle criticism
Factors Influencing Self-confidence
Internal factors: Self-belief,personal accomplishment
External factors: Teachers,friends,colleagues
Parenting practices and behaviours that promote self-confidence:
-Entrusting children to perform specific and challenging tasks
-Praising children for their accomplishments
-Guiding children to establish realistic goals
-Treating each child as an individual with unique talents
-Let children learn from their mistakes
-Encourage children to be self-reliant
-Providing constructive feedback on children’s behaviour and actions.
Keys for Building Self-confidence
-Know the real you
-Practise positive self-talk and visualize success
-Maintain the company of confident and nourishing friends
-Acknowledge and celebrate your successes
-Learn to be assertive
3.3 Having self-discipline
-To have self-discipline, one needs to focus attention on important activities, which contribute towards the attainment of worthwhile goals without distraction until they are completed.
-Self-discipline involves taking control of one’s mind, emotions and habits. It also requires sacrificing immediate gratification for attaining a goal.
Importance of Self-discipline
-Self-discipline is important to channel our energies in the right direction, facilitate self-leadership and leads to more incisive problem-solving.
-Self-discipline is the key element to enhancing good personal qualities and work productivity. In a way, it helps to transform what we are planning into reality. What ultimately differentiates peak performers and mediocre performers is self-discipline.
-Clarify your goals and priorities
-Calculate the cost of procrastination
-Stop procrastinating by creating a work schedule and sticking to it.
-Practice daily planning
-Monitor your progress periodically
3.4 Maintaining perseverance
-Perseverance is a continuous effort applied to attaining a goal without giving up until you succeed.
-Perseverance is commitment, hard work, patience and endurance.
-A persevering person is able to bear difficulties calmly and without complaint, and keep trying again and again
Importance of Perseverance
-Dealing with others is one of the most important things to do in our lives. What we do for a living or how we do it does not matter as our relationships with others is the key to greatness or failure.
-An understanding of others can help us become happier and more productive in all areas of our lives.
Steps to Develop Perseverance
-Be prepared to face the unexpected
-Treat failure as a learning experience
-Never give up
-Interact with positive friends
-Execute your action plan daily
3.5 Motivation from Islamic Perspective
-In Islam, a human being consists of both body and soul. The soul influences our thoughts and actions that are needed to achieve goals.
-Therefore, Islam not only believes in the existence of the human soul, but also its influence in human motivation.
Source of Motivation in Islam
-They must search industriously for the bounty that Allah SWT has provided for their sustenance, either in the form of natural resources to be explored or new processes to utilize available resources.
-Their work efforts are a form of virtuous deed (amal salih) which is the key to the attainment of true success (al falah) in this world and the Hereafter.
-Their work is a form of ibadah (obedience, submission and devotion) to Allah SWT as long as it conforms to the divine norms and values.
-The rewards for good deeds are not confined only to this world, but also extend to the Hereafter. Similarly, the punishment for bad deeds is not restricted only to this worldly life, but may also come after death.
Motivation Factors in Islam
Drive (the need theory):
Drive is the factor that influences humans to fulfil their physiological need, which a basic need to survive. A Muslim views matters such as wages and other material benefits as a means for food, clothing and shelter for himself and his family, so that he may devote his energy to work.
Instinct and innate biological determinants for behaviour
Instinct and innate biological determinants have major impacts on human behaviour. It is a way of behaving, thinking or feeling that is not learned. A natural desire or tendency that makes you want to act in a particular way.
Reward (external stimuli)
-Reward in Islam emphasizes on the intrinsic rather than the extrinsic. Intrinsic reward focuses more on psychological aspects, such as self-satisfaction or self-fulfilment.
-Extrinsic reward focuses on the consequences of behaviour
Commitment is willingness to give your time and energy to something that you believe in, or a promise or firm decision to do something. Commitment plays a strong role to motivate humans to do a certain thing in their life. Failing to live up to one’s commitment, a sense of shamefulness works in a negative way to keep one away. Commitment is expressed through intention.
Motivation through Reward and Punishment
-Motivation in the Islamic perspective is different from Western theories, because Islam views motivation as more comprehensive and holistic.
-The Western theories assume that man is basically a materialistic being and that he is primarily motivated by materialistic and temporal rewards.
-These theories ignore the role of the spiritual, moral or metaphysical dimensions of human motivation. In Islam, motivation is based on divine guidance and identifies the fundamental truths of all spheres of human life and behaviour.
-Islam fully recognizes and emphasizes the significance and role of motivation in human activity. Human actions are known to be governed by inner intentions, drives and motives.
Work Motivation for Managers
Islam emphasizes on moral and spiritual responsibilities for anyone who holds a position of authority in any sphere of human society:
The person in charge is morally and spiritually responsible to treat every member of the working class equally.
To Allah SWT for their use of authority and power.