Innovation (Qualitative and quantitative research (It provides insights…
Qualitative and quantitative research
It provides insights into the problem or helps to develop ideas or hypotheses for potential quantitative research.
involving an interpretive,
naturalistic approach to its subject matter.
Acknowledging dynamics of innovation, for instance processes/systems
which cannot be easily measured and coded in numbers
Because concepts and variables are evolving during data collection and created in an ad hoc manner, these sources tend to be adapted to each situation
because it is not based on structured fremeworks, the qualitative research method is higy influenced by case study, personal experience,introspective, life story, interview, observational, historical, interactionaland visual texts
Quantitative Research is used to quantify the problem by way of generating numerical data or data that can be transformed into usable statistics. It is used to quantify attitudes, opinions, behaviors, and other defined variables – and generalize results from a larger sample population. Quantitative Research uses measurable data to formulate facts and uncover patterns in research.
diferences on slide 17
group policy paper
Slides 10 Sept. economic growth models TFP and competitiveness
Emphasise that innovation has to be studied in action, focusing on the network
and dynamics rather than on the stability of the relationships.A methodological approach to analyse how networks around innovation emerge and the how the interactions among the actors shape
Centered actors - power
Some actors have the power to change other actors. This power is called agency
Centered actors have relatively more power and impose their will/agenda on others.
Power and agency in a network implies that actors agree and comply with the
interests of the centered actor (negotiation, manipulation, intimidation)
Actor-network theory treats humans (perceptions/concept) and non-humans
(material things) equal in terms of agency and power to change others (The computer has the same amount of agency in a social network)
For this reason human actors and material entities are jointly referred to as ‘actants’
in ANT terminology
An actant is that which accomplishes or undergoes an act. They differ from actorsbecause an actant can not only be a human, but also an object or concept thataccomplishes or undergoes an act.
Human actants imply intentionality (the power of mind to represent or to stand for
things, properties and states of affairs). Non-human actants do not
human actants: students, teacher, wirters of the papers
non-human actants: internet, computers
Network of actors (players) – interactions as rules of the game sorted
nothing. the only perception we get when it vomrs to the development of DC's are too basic