Weather & Climate (Climate- an areas pattern of weather over a long…
Weather & Climate
Climate- an areas pattern of weather over a long period of time
Climatologists are the people who study climate, define it by many forces including averages of precipitation, temperature, and air pressure.
The Earth is divided into 5 major climate types.
Tropical which is found close to the equator
Deserts such as the Sahara and the Gobi deserts.
Temperate and continental climate which have much colder winters
Humid continental where warm summers and cold winters occur
Such as the subarctic continental located in Canada and Northern Russia
Last but not least the polar climates which consistently has cold temperatures
Global warming is about the average temperature across the entire planet
Weather is what's going on outside in one place, at one particular time
Gases like carbon dioxide and methane acts as a barrier. They're really effective at absorbing and redirecting heat are examples of greenhouse gases
they let sunlight through easily then trap the heat that bounces off the surface is knows as the greenhouse effect
coal, oil, and gas supply the energy that makes our lives so comfortable is known as fossil fuels
cows digestion produces methane.
Weather- the condition of the atmosphere at a certain place and time
temperature- a measure of how hot or cold the air is and depends on how much energy the air receives from the sun. Usually measured using a thermometer.
Humidity is the amount of water vapor in the air.
There are 2 different types of humidity absolute humidity and relative humidity
Absolute humidity is the measure of how much water vapor the air is capable of holding
Relative humidity is a measure of how much moisture there actually is in the air.
Condensation is the process where when condensation happens close to the ground, it can produce mist or fog and way up high in the atmosphere, condensation makes clouds
We measure air pressure with a device called a barometer. In high pressure air slowly descends toward the Earth's surface and in low pressures areas air rises upward into the atmosphere.