Globalisation and film policy in Greater China (Film policy in Great China…
Globalisation and film policy in Greater China
Globalisation and the state
The International film market and film policy making
The political economy of film markets in Greater China
Film policy in Great China
China's film policy
HK's film policy
Taiwan's film policy
The film policies of China, HK, and Taiwan
share both similarities and differences
They all acknowledge :
the trends of globalization and
the powder of the market
their support for the domestic film industry equally reveals a strong economic logic
Government censorship constitutes an integral element of each market's film policy
The three governments
tackle the balance between economic and cultural imperatives of film policy
in fundamentally different ways.
HK focus primarily on the economic imperative
Taiwan gears more towards the cultural imperative
China somewhere in between
Implementing their support for the local film Industry
Resort to different approachs
HK: Being the free market in the world
Rrestrains from intervening directly in the operation of the film market.
Adopt pro-competitive, deregulatory measures to improve the market environment for film businesses.
Financial support,facilitate film production and collaboration.
China and Taiwan Measure
Give the domestic film industry advantages over foreign competitors.(a strong protectionist mark )
China market is the least open.
Instituted various barriers to restrict the entry of foreign films and a complicated licensing system to control the industry as a whole.
A strong social concern and aims to protect public morality and children
Entail a mixed bag of cultural, social and political preoccupations and are much more restrictive in nature
Acknowledge the consumer's freedom to choose and the need to balance between censorship and creative freedom
China: absent from the Chinese rhetoric
The government also incorporates a positive approach in its censorship by rewarding films with desirable contents.
Reflect the political economy of the local context and contains its own contradictions.
Fully liberalized its film market and committed to minimal government intervention
Policy does not provide substantial financial support for the local film industry
Lack of a strong cultural Identity: (Uncertain about its own cultural identity and thus have little desire to confirm its Chinese cultural heritage through its film policy.)
May fatal to the revitalisation of its film industry
Find its own cultural niche. Exploit the potential of the Chinese market
Some of the government's political agendas also creep into its film policy and interfere with the goal of promoting local film
(eg. making art films rather than popular cinema)
financial support goes to local films that win international awards
do poorly at the box office and are shunned by local exhibitors
Showcase its cultural image on the international stage rather than public discourse.
Enormous competitive advantages:baked by a huge domestic market.
Film policy can be easily hijacked by the government to implement its political and ideological agendas
In practice, the line between the economic, cultural and political dimensions of film policy tends to be veru blurred and precarious to maintain
Fend off foreign competition
Rigorous censorship() can create an unhealthy culture of self-censorship
liberalisation of government censorship.