Kindergarten (Counting and Cardinality (Number names and the count…
Counting and Cardinality
Number names and the count sequence.
Be able to count to 100
Most students will know this before Kindergarten
Count forward when given a number in the number sequence that is not 1
Write numbers from 0-20
Use activities such as shaving cream
Count to tell the number of objects
Know the relationship between numbers and quantities. Number being plural things you can measure and quantity being singular thing you can measure.
Count objects in the standard order. Pair objects with only one number.
Know that the last number said is how many objects there are total. The order in which they are counted will not affect the end number, there will still be the same number of objects.
Have students count objects in different orders
Know that each number following the one before refers to one quantity larger
Use a number line
Be able to tell how many of something there is, up to as many as 20 things.
Be able to use counting strategies to know if the amount of objects in one groups is greater than, less than, or equal to another group
Compare two numbers between 1-10 as a numeral
Measurement and Data
Describe and compare measurable attributes.
Be able to describe measurable things of an object such and wight and height
Use things such as scales and tape measures
Compare two objects' measurable attributes and describe the differences and similarities of the two attributes.
Classify objects and count the number of objects in each category.
Students should be able to count the number of objects in a given category and then order the categories based on how many objects are in each category
Analyze and describe shapes
Describe everyday objects using shape names. Also be able to describe the position of these items with terms such as above and below.
Correctly name shapes despite their size or orientation
Understand the difference between 2-D and 3-D. Identify when objects are 2-D or 3-D.
Analyze, compare, create, and compose shapes.
Analyze two and three dimensional objects. Be able to describe similarities differences and other attributes
Model shapes that are found in our world by building or drawing them
Use common shapes such as pyramids for triangles and cereal boxes for rectangles
Most students will know basic shapes before Kindergarten
Use simple shapes to create larger and more complex shapes
Have shapes cutout and have students try to put shapes together to create a different shape. Two triangles together to make a rectangle
Operations and Algebraic thinking
Understanding addition and subtraction
Be able to show addition and subtraction with things such as objects, movements, fingers, etc.
Use objects and drawings to solve addition and subtraction word problems and addition and subtraction within 10.
Be able to take a number less than or equal to 10 and decompose it. Meaning find several ways to add and subtract numbers to get the original number given. Show the decomposition with images or objects.
Be able to use drawings and objects to find the number needed to make 10 when student is given a specific number.
Be able to add and subtract within 5
Numbers and operations in base ten
work with numbers 11-19
Compose and decompose numbers from 11 to 19 into ten ones and some further ones. Know that these numbers are composed of ten ones and one, two, three, four, five, six, seven, eight, or nine ones.