SCIENCE (ALL LIVING THINGS SENSE & RESPOND TO THEIR ENVIRONMENT…
ALL LIVING THINGS SENSE & RESPOND TO THEIR ENVIRONMENT
SENSING & RESPONDING
echolocation, UV sensors, magneto reception, infrared sensing, etc.
response to light, touch, water, gravity, etc.
BIOMES AS LARGE REGIONS WITH SIMILAR ENVIRONMENTAL FEATURES
biomes are regions grouped by similar temperature & precipitation (ex - climate: long-term weather patterns)
aquatic / marine biomes
MATTER HAS MASS, TAKES UP SPACE & CAN CHANGE PHASE
phases of matter
the effect of temperature on particle movement
solids, liquids, and gases change with heating (e.g., boiling point, melting point [melting chocolate]) and cooling (e.g., freezing point [making ice cream]), and these physical changes are reversible
THE MOTIONS OF THE EATHER AND THE MOON CAUSE OBSERVABLE PATTERNS THAT AFFECT LIVING & NON-LIVING SYSTEMS
local changes caused by the Earth's axis, rotation & orbit
Earth’s axis, rotation, and orbit cause changes locally:
day and night: animals are nocturnal (active at night) and diurnal (active during day)
annual seasons: plants and animals respond to the seasons (drop leaves, change colour)
the effects of the relative positions of the sun, moon, and Earth including local First Peoples perspectives
phases of the moon, tides, etc.
tides affect living organisms
lunar and solar eclipses
ENERGY CAN BE TRANSFORMED
the law of conservation of energy — energy cannot be created or destroyed but can be changed
devices that transform energy
devices that transform energy change input energy into a different output energy (e.g., glow stick [chemical to light], wind-up toy [elastic to mechanical], flashlight [electrical to light]).
has various forms
energy can be described in these ways: the energy of motion (kinetic), light, sound, thermal, elastic, nuclear, chemical, magnetic, gravitational, and electrical