Identifying and Helping Struggling Students in the Classroom :red_flag:…
Identifying and Helping Struggling Students in the Classroom
(Kraft 2017) (Lang, 2017)
Zarrillo, J. (2010, July 20). Differentiating Instruction for Children With Learning Disabilities. Retrieved July 26, 2017, from
Kraft Helen, Personal Interview, August 3, 2017
Lang Lisa, Personal Interview, August 2, 2017
:female-detective: Identifying Struggling Students
There are several ways to notice and identify a struggling student (Kraft, 2017) (Lang, 2017)
How they hold a pencil
Not getting along with other students
How they read or write
Reading test results are well behind or well above average
Math test results are well behind or well above average
Overall IQ is low
Functioning at a much lower age developmentally
Get Help :girl::skin-tone-2: :boy::skin-tone-6: :girl::skin-tone-3: :boy::skin-tone-4:
(Kraft, 2017) (Lang, 2017)
Get the child on an IEP
This way they can be in a special classroom where they can get the help and skills they need and deserve.
Bring child to the team
Begin IEP Process
This could take several months of testing and planning before the IEP is complete and set in place.
Provide data and observations of the student struggling.
Team is made up of administration, teacher, ,psychologist, physical occupational therapist, speech therapist, and special education teachers.
The child no longer belongs in your classroom.
If they need constant one on one instruction.
They themselves are not able to learn in the classroom.
They are disrupting the classroom/other students from learning.
:family: Parent Communication
Throughout the Process
They are allowed to have a say in their child's IEP and whether they accept it or not.
If an IEP process begins, keep the parents in constant communication.
When struggle occurs
Some parents may not take the information well. They may refuse extra help.
Notify parents of what you see, add positives with negatives.
Beginning of the Year
Always start the year with a positive relationship with parents. Send an email with your excitement to have them in your class and the good things you see so far.
Step 2: :male-teacher::skin-tone-5:
Tactile (touch) :hand::skin-tone-2:
Use instructional prompts and adapt the criteria
Change the task by allowing some students to give their answers and information in different ways.
Allow certain students an open book for some tests.
Adapt the time a student is allowed for classwork, homework, or a test.
Modify Curricular Content
Assign less work for those that get overwhelmed. Ex: in math only assign odd numbers for the student to complete.
Present material in a systematic way so children have a schedule and can connect units to each other.
Break learning up into smaller segments which become "mini lessons"
Hold these kids to the same standards as everyone else.
Group work or projects.
This allows students to collaborate and use their strengths.
Reading or math groups with kids at the same academic level.
A teacher can provide separate worksheets and instruction per group for optimal learning.
This is difficult to accomplish with bigger class sizes. Each student deserves their own type of instruction, but that is not always possible. (Kraft, 2017) (Lang, 2017) (Zarillo, 2010)