Women's Health (Determinants of Women's Health (Income and social…
Determinants of Women's Health
Income and social status: increased income and ss = increased health
Education: decrease educ = decreased health, increase stress, decreased self confidence
Physical environment: agriculture, sanitation, health care services, safe water, clean air, healthy workplaces, safe housing, communities and roads = increased health. Increase in employment = increased income and health.
Social support networks: increase support from family, friends and communities = increased health. customs traditions and beliefs also alter health
Genetics: inheritance, balanced eating, exercise, smoking, drinking and how we cope with life stressors
Health services: access and use of services that prevent and treat disease influence health
Gender: vulnerable to different diseases = different changes in health. Plus different treatments work differently on each gender
Sex and Gender
Sex: biological differences XX or XY, chromosomes, hormonal profiles, internal and external sex organs
Gender: characteristics a society defines as masculine or feminine.
Gender dysphoria: discomfort and unhappiness as a result of tension between gender assigned at birth and gender with which they identify with (Non binary genders)
Gender Identity disorder: severe and persistent discomfort with biological sex
Gender mainstreaming: "to identify where gender difference exists and provide balance when needed" 1997 ECOSOC + UN
Why must we understand the difference between sex and gender?
Medical evidence: women experience dif symptoms of disease and biology
The patient: acknowledge masculine or feminine
The provider: how they define the patient determines the health care given
Medical education: text, knowledge, diagnosis, teaching styles
Clinical practise: acknowledge how s or g of patient impacts on clinical testing, diagnostics, treatment and outcomes
In women, certain disorders are more common, some are more severe, basic biological causes are not all known, require different treatment to me bc different body and hormones = more trials need to be run on both men and women. eg osteroporosis, dimentia, arthritis and endometritis
How can we improve womens health bases on differences between males and females