Addiction & Impulse Control Disorders (Definitions (Griffiths,2005)…
Addiction & Impulse Control Disorders
Addiction becomes single most important activity in life. Dominating behaviors, thoughts & feelings.
Subjective experience while engaging in addictive behavior, eg. a "rush", "buzz"
Have to do more of the addictive behavior to get same effect.
Unpleasant thoughts & physical effects felt when tries to stop the addictive behavior.
Creates conflict with people.
When "going back" to the addictive behavior are high.
When the body becomes used to functioning with the drugs in its system & "requires" the drug to maintain normal functioning.
Drug/activity becomes of great importance to the person's life to maintain a "stable" mental state.
Genes: GABRA2, CHRM2 & ADH4; alcohol dehydrogenase (ADH1B) & aldehyde dehydrogenase (ALDH2).
When release in the body, it gives us the feelings of pleasure & satisfaction.
When these feelings becomes a desire, the behaviors would then be repeated in order for dopamine to be release. These behaviors would then become repetitive.
More likely to repeat pleasurable activities.
Gannon et al. (2013)
Higher anger-related cognition
Interest in serious fire
Lower levels of perceived fire safety awareness
Lower general self-esteem
External locus of control
Kennedy et al. (2006)
Had great interest in fire-setting & showed higher level of covert antisocial behaviors.
More likely yo be male & older
Had poorer social skills with a high-level with high-level of family dysfunction