Compound & complex sentences
.>= 2 clauses, joined by coord. conj. [and, but, or]
the same subj.
subj. + verb
subj. + aux
verb + obj.
the same verb + obj. +/ prepos. phr.
in later clauses
in the first clause
to emphasize the relationships
not only...but also
a combination of negatives
joining >= 2 clauses by using subord. conj. [because, before, that, which,...]
the same subj. is repeated!
[She liked the women with whon she worked]
[Did you know that he was married?]
at the beginning (with
[if it rains, the ground will be too muddy]
at the end
[I had a shower after I ran]
.>= 3 clauses join. by both coord. and subord. conj.
Verbs with indirect objectives and clauses
Send u a postcard = send a postcard
give bring lend offer pass post read sell show teach tell throw write
she bought him a tie = she bought a tie
do make build cook cut draw fetch find get keep leave order pick save
Linking verbs and complements
sense experience/ opinion verbs
feel ,smell, taste; look, sound
+like +noun phrases
describes the subject
make, find, call
+obj. +adj/ noun phr.
[It makes me angry]
inf. + complem.
(seem is less formal than appear)
L.v. used to express change
the result of change
in many common ph.
(get is less formal than become)
полное изменение состояния
= phrases, where change is slowly
+suddenly/ unexpectedly +adj.
keep, remain, stay
a situation not changing