Relationship between photosynthesis & cellular respiration (Where it…
Where it takes place
The smallest units of light called photons oscillate on a path called wavelengths. Sunlight help photosynthetic organisms capture light, and the color of the pigment represents the colors of the wavelength that is light refueled by the plant
In this process, glucose leave the blood through the capillary wall and enter a tissue cell where cellular respiration takes place
Within the chloroplast are small like structures called thylakoids, which are surrounded by a fluid-filled space called the stroma.
The reations that sythesize glucose, the calvin cycle, occur in the stroma
Light dependent reaction occurs in the thylakoids
Energy Investment Phase
2 ATP transfer two phosphates to glucose to form a 6-carbon sugar diphosphate molecule. This molecule then splits into a 2-carbon molecule which is converted to 2- pyrvate molecule. In total, glycolysis involves 10 steps and multiple enzymes are involved. In this conversion of glucose, a net of 2 ATP, 2 molecules of pyruvate, and 2 high-energy electron carrier molecules of NADH are produced
Energy Harvesting Phase
Pryvuate enters the mitochondria matrix through an active transport and coverted to a 2-carbon acetyl group which will attach to coenzyme A to form acetyl-CoA where electrons are picked up, as hydrogen atoms, by NAD+. In the end, carbon dioxide is released and transported out of the mitochondria into the cytoplasm.
Kreb Cycle (Citric Acid Cycle)
Acetyl Co-A will bind with a 4-carbon molecule oxaloacetate and all the carbons, hydrogens and oxygens in pyruvate will end up as carbon dioxide and water. At the end, a net of 8 NADH, 2 FADH2, and 2 ATP are produced for each glucose molecule.
Eletron Transport Chain
Where majority of the ATP production occurs. Electronsare transferred between mitochondrial membrane proteins and used to make energy