The industrial revolution (key words ( (An orphan who works on a factory…
The industrial revolution
There was much social and economic change in the years 1700-1900. This created new opportunities and new challenges for ordinary people and thew government. Queen Victoria ruled for most of this period.
Industrial Revolution:A time in great change in Britain that included the population growth, move from working at home at home to in factories and growth of canals, roads and railways.
Class System: Describing a person according to how much money they earn and what job they have. The working class worked on farms or factories.The Middle class ran the businesses and were professionals. The upper class were royalty and land owners.
Empire: By 1914, England had become a great trading nation with a world wide empire, which covered a 5th of the globe.
Public Health: the government abandon their laissez-faire attitude and started to pass laws that made sure that people were safe at work and home.
1875 public health act said local councils had to take responsibility for keeping towns clean.
1833 slavery abolished in the British empire and factory act bans children under 9 from working in factories.
1832 the reform act gives middle class men the vote.
1830 the Liverpool to Manchester railway was opened
1771 Arkwright opens Britain's first steam powered cotton factory in Derbyshire.
countryside areas in which the population is spread thinly
Built- up areas in which people live in close proximity. This refers to either towns or cities.
Places where goods are made on mass by water or steam powered machines of by hand in the homes.
An orphan who works on a factory in return for food and a bed.
A man in charge of the factory workers. They often punished the workers harshly and physically.
Cheap terraced houses with no back yards were built to house industrial workers. Low wages and high rents caused families to live in as small a space as possible. Sometimes whole families lived in one room.
In 1842, women, girls and boys under the age of 10 were banned from working here.
Children often carried out these jobs on cotton mills.
Victorian institutes were built to provide for the poor and unemployed.
Non-violent meeting demanding " votes for all". The government sent in soldiers and 11 people were killed.
Deadly disease caused by infected water. Victims suffer from diarrhea, vomiting and can die.
Area of land somewhere in the world ruled by Britain.
Goods where taken to Africa, exchanged for slaves to be solid int eh Caribbean and then sugar, cotton and tobacco were brought back to Britain.
A huge farm that grows one crop like cotton, sugar or tobacco and uses slaves to do the work.