Emotional and Cognitive Social Outcomes (Motives and Attributions…
Emotional and Cognitive Social Outcomes
Influences: family, school, peers, mass media, peers, community
Children always evaluating themselves and change over time.
Self-concept- sees oneself as distinct from others.
Development- value of one's identity
Motives and Attributions
Self-Efficacy- belief one can master a situation and produce positive outcomes.
Learned Helplessness-continually facing opportunities that can be encouraging or discouraging
One's own expectations.
Fear of failure
Achievement motivation is relatively stable
Parenting practices affect achievement
Correlated with achievement behavior
mastery orientation-challenging tasks
Locus of control-refers to one's attribution performance, or perception of responsibility for success or failure; may be internal or external.
People are motivated to act by the urge to be competent or achieve.-White(1959).
An attribution is an explanation for one's performance.
A motive is a need or emotion that causes a person to act.
Influences on Attitude Developement
Family, Peers,Mass Media, Community, School
Awareness, identification, attitude, preference, prejudice
Stereotype-a oversimplified, fixed attitude or set of beliefs that is held about members of a group.
Prejudice is an attitude involving prejudgment; the application of a previously formed judgment of some person, object or situation.
Composed of beliefs, feelings, and behavior tendencies.
The tendency to respond positively or negatively to certain persons, objects or situations.
Values clarification is influenced by various values derived from - Culture, Family, Politics and Advocacy Groups
Values affect, societal perceptions, personal perceptions,
Certain basic human values are enshrined in the laws of most civilized societies.