THE SAHEL; SWITCHED OFF - Switched of nations are often poor and lack global hubs or strong flows of trade and investments.
:red_flag: Zambia used to be rich in copper deposits which acted as a large source of income, however the demand fell in the 1990's when copper wires were replaced by fibre optics. Exports fo copper fell, mines were shut, many jobs were lost and GDP fell. This caused debt to reach 2 3/4 times the GDP of Zambia. The government had to cut down on health and education to cope.
:red_flag: Tanzania had farmland on fertile volcanic soils, and its wealth came from trading cotton, for manufactured goods. Cotton prices fell and the prices of manufactured goods rose over time and it eventually became unaffordable. Farm incomes fell, governments recieved less tax and cutbacks had to be made in education and health.