What is water shortage
Uses of water
Total volume of water used to produce the goods and services for a person in a year
The hydrological cycle
Water moves continuously from the earth's surface to the atmosphere and back again.
Occurs when water usage exceeds water supply
Which locations in the world are facing water shortage? Why does water shortage occur?
Causes of water shortage
Population growth; Affluence
Seasonal rainfall; Water pollution
Distribution of water on earth
Ice Caps and Glaciers
Locations in the world facing water shortage
Main areas are in Africa and Asia
How does water shortage impact people and countries?
Impacts of water shortage on people
Conflict over water supply
Reduced agriculture yields; Increased cost of industrial production
Increased difficulty in collecting water; Water rationing
How can Singapore avoid water shortage?
Water resource management in Singapore
Local catchment water; Imported water; NEWater; Desalinated water
Protection of water resources
Pricing of water; Public education