Symptoms (experience at time of urine flow):
● Slow/Poor stream – The individual's perception of reduced urine flow, usually compared to previous performance and sometimes compared to observations of other men. Splitting or spraying of the urine stream may be reported.
● Intermittent stream or intermittency – Urine flow that stops and starts, on one or more occasions, during micturition.
● Hesitancy – Difficulty in initiating micturition, resulting in a delay in the onset of voiding after the individual is ready to pass urine.
● Straining to void – An abdominal muscular effort used to initiate, maintain, or improve the urinary stream.
● Terminal dribble – Prolongation of the final part of micturition, when the flow has slowed to a trickle/dribble.
● Dysuria – Pain, burning sensation, or general discomfort at the time of passing urine.
● Incomplete emptying (with associated frequency) –
sensation of incomplete emptying after passing urine.
● Post-micturition dribble – involuntary loss of urine shortly following urination, usually after leaving the toilet.