Privatisation Of Education (What is this ? (Privatisation is where…
Privatisation Of Education
What is this ?
Privatisation is where services which were once owned and provided by the state are transferred to private companies.
The transfer of educational assets and management to private companies, charities or religious institutions.
The UK government spends approximately £90 billion on education, which includes to costs of teacher’s salaries, support workers, educational resources, building and maintaining school buildings,
The privatisation of education started under the New Right Government (1979-1997), and continued under New Labour (1997-2010) and under the Coalition/ Conservative Government (2010 – Present Day).
Exogenous and Endogenous Privatisation
Distinguish between exogenous privatisation (privatisation from outside) and endogenous privatisation (privatisation within the education system)
The setting up of Academies. Since New Labour, the establishment of Academies has meant greater involvement of the private sector in running schools.
The Building and maintaining school buildings – Under New Labour A programme of new buildings for schools was financed through the Private Finance Initiative (PFI).
Running examination systems – The UK’s largest examinations body Edexcel is run by the Global Corporation Pearsons. Pearsons runs the exam boards in over 70 countries, meaning it sets the exams, it pays the examiners,
The Expansion of the Education Services Industry more generally. This is related to the above point – There are more International Corporations involved in education than ever before
Giving parents choice so they become consumers (open enrolment)
Linking school funding to success rates
Making schools compete for pupils so they become like businesses
Introducing performance related pay for teachers
Allowing successful schools to take over and managefailing schools.
Privatisation within education refers to the introduction of free-market principles into the day to day running of schools.
They argue that the state’s involvement leads to ‘bureaucratic self-interest’, the stifling of initiative and low-standards.
internal privatisation is that the introduction of Marketisation within education has increased competition between schools and driven up standards.
external privatisation is that private companies are used to keeping costs down and will run certain aspects of the education system more efficiently than Local Education Authorities
f private companies have an increasing role in running the education system this may change the type of knowledge which pupils are taught – with more of an emphasis on maths
referred to what he sees as the cola-isation of schools – The private sector also increasingly penetrates schools through vending machines and the development of brand loyalty through logos and sponsorships.
There might be an increasing inequality of educational provision as private companies cherry pick the best schools to take over and leave the worst schools under Local Education Authority Control.