The Cognitive approach to treating depression - Cognitive Behavioural…
The Cognitive approach to
called it ‘rational therapy’ to emphasise his theory that depression stemmed from irrational thinking.
CBT comes from the idea of contradicting the beliefs dexcribed in Ellis’ ABC model.
aimed to reform behaviours and emotions away from the irrational thought path.
Extended his ABC theory to the ABCDEF theory.
Effects of disputing
Feelings and emotions that are produced by disputing
Disputing the irrational thoughts and beliefs
Assignments are often aiming to put the client in an uncomfortable situation in order to gain progress.
the homework if successful, disproves previous irrational beliefs
Clients are often asked to complete homework assignments when they are between therapy sessions.
the activity ‘homework’ aims to combat the idea that they cant enjoy activities like they used to.
being active brings rewards which consequently becomes an antidote for depression.
CBT focuses on encouraging depressed clients to be more active and to do more of what they enjoy.
Unconditional positive reward
If the client feels worthless they will be less likely to consider changing their beliefs.
If the therapist appreciates and respects the client they will gain more belief in their existence
an important feature of therapy is convincing the client of their value as a human.
CBT is less suitable for people who has high levels of irrational fears.
CBT can also be used to treat a variety of issues such as anxiety, depression and even family problems
CBT is becoming i the most widely used therapy by psychologists for the NHS when treating depression.
Not suitable for everyone
Success depends on the willingness of the client to help themselves
not suitable if the sufferer has a resistant personality
Research has shown that CBT is at least as effective as drug therapy for depression
CBT becomes even more effective when combined with drug therapy.