The Cognitive approach to explaining depression (Ellis’ ABC model (B =…
The Cognitive approach to explaining depression
Ellis’ ABC model
the belief resulting from the activating event.
two kinds of belief that stems from the activating event
irrational belief and a
consequence/emotion that comes after the belief.
negative emotion following event
positive emotion following event
refers to an activating event
The source of irrational thinking comes from mustabatory thinking processes.
have theories about what the world should do for them and how their life should happen
I MUST do well in everything otherwise I’m worthless
The world MUST give me happiness
I MUST be approved and accepted by important people
Beck’s negative triad
The triad includes…
Negative view of the future
Negative view of the world
Negative view of self
depressed cant function = their thinking is biased towards their negative perception of the world
developed in childhood
means they adopt a negative view of the world.
activated whenever the person enters a new situation.
lead to cognitive biases on thinking
Support for irrational thinking
Studies = depressed pps who were given a negative stigma of something became more and more depressed = supports idea that negative thinking leads to depression.
Studies = depressed pps show more errors in logic than non-depressed pps when interpreting written text.
The opposite theory
it may be that depression causes negative thinking.
The link between negative thoughts&depression doesn’t mean negative thoughts cause depression
Irrational beliefs may be realistic
whereas those who don’t have depression over optimise situations.
study showed that thethose depressed tend to see things for what they are
Blaming the client rather than the situational factors
CA states depression is caused by the client and their thinking methods
which overlooks situational factors such as family matters in childhood.