Conjunctions A (SUBORDINATING (REASON /CONCESSION ( as, inasmuch as, why,…
as, inasmuch as, why, because, for, since, though, although, albeit
you won't come, I can't help you.
He decided to buy it
it was expensive.
she worked hard.
that, so that, in order that, such that
we could discuss the project.
He sang so loudly
he became hoarse.
if, though, unless, except, without, once
we agree on a plan, we can begin.
You must attend the next meeting
you have a good reason not to.
I can afford it.
as if, as though
He swaggers around the office
he were an executive.
since, until, as long as, before, after, when, as, while
we waited, it began to snow.
The tire went flat
we turned the corner.
AS SOON AS
everyone is here.
and, or, what, that
American bison, was nearly extinct.
than, as, else, otherwise, rather, as much as, as far as, as well as
Is a dog less clever
These amateurs play better
whether, why, when
He could not say
we were going the right way.
DEP Clause + IND Clause
No Antecedent, Not a Pronoun/Adverb
JOIN EQUAL IN RANK:
Used in pairs to join successive clauses to complete a thought
as-as, if-then, neither-nor, both-and, where-there, so-as, not only-but also
Must precede equal parts of speech:
2nd element adds fact related to 1st element
One was fired
the other was promoted.
The party was
the race itself.
and, also, moreover, no less than
2nd element give reason for 1st element/consequence
consequently, for, hence, so, thus, therefore, as a consequence, as a result, so that, so then
He betrayed the king
he was banished. It's time to leave
only 1 statement = true
either, or, else, but, nor, neither, otherwise, other
The bird is
You can wear the blue cat
the green one.
2nd element qualifies 1st
but, still yet, nevertheless
The song is sad
she is still not happy.
SIMPLE (single words):
FANBOYS + though
Single words combined:
although, because, nevertheless, notwithstanding, unless
as though, inasmuch as, in case, provided that, so that, supposing that
We're making progress slowly
she are colleagues.
I said hello,
no one answered.
My daughter graduated in 2017.
my son will graduate the following year.
Okay only IF idea truly contrasts preceding idea.
Okay to start sentence w/
and, but, so, however
More ponderous, less impact than but. Better to use
sentence to emphasize preceding idea:
The job was great. Soon,
, things changed.
RELATIVE PRONOUNS AS