Encourage: where people’s input and participation is encouraged, politics exist. If blindly discourage all politics, and then it is indirectly discouraging people’s participations, which is against the key success factor – ‘communication and participation’ of the strategy implementation.
Discourage: it leads to dysfunctional conflict and infighting, consuming unnecessary resources and time
Work with more information and debate matters on the basis of facts, rather than personalities
Develop a range of alternatives to strengthen the debate
Different viewpoints should be encouraged rather than suppressed (‘Talk it out’)
Maintain a balanced power structure (a sense of fairness)
Resolve issues without forcing consensus
Political forces – internal rivalry, empire protecting, retention of information, selective communication and caution – can all impede successful implementation.
Political forces become apparent when the strategy is published and communicated.
Invisible plans can outline key considerations of strategy implementation where publication is inappropriate.
Gaps can emerge between stated plans and business realities.