Improving the accuracy of eyewitness testimony- Cognitive interview…
Improving the accuracy of eyewitness testimony- Cognitive interview
it's time consuming
takes much longer than a standard police interview
Time consuming to train police officers to use this method.
some elements may be more less valuable than others.
Research = using a combination of 'report everything' and 'context reinstatement' produced better recall than any of the conditions individually.
The Enhanced Cognitive Interview
The main additional features are...
Adapt questions to suit the understanding of individual witnesses
Encourage the witness to relax and speak slowly.
Offer comments to help clarify witness statements.
Eventhough these details may seem unimportant
The interviewer encourages the witness to report all details about the event.
Recall in reverse order
e.g. from the end to the beginning.
The witness is asked to describe the scene in a different chronological order
Recall from a changed perspective
Trying to mentally recreate the situation from different points of view
e.g. describing what another witness would have seen.
including details of the environment, such as the weather conditions
Trying to mentally recreate an image of the situation
The individual’s emotional state including their feelings at the time of the incident.