Constructing Disability and Living with Illness (Illness is more than…
Constructing Disability and Living with Illness
Perceived as "tragic"
Form of social oppression that excludes those who are not "able-bodied"
Disability as Individual Pathology
Problem within individual
Rests on notions of "normality"
Disability as Social Pathology
Opposite of individual model
Locates disability within society, not the individual
Underscores connection between personal & political
Illness is more than biology
It is socially constructed
Our understanding of it is mediated through culture, class, ethnicity, and age
Disease: Biophysical condition
Illness: Subjective response to a disease
Acute illness: Develops quickly & is short-lived
Chronic illness: Ongoing, often lasts a lifetime
Loss of independence
Canadians with Disabilities
Limited in abilities
Marginalized, low-paying jobs
Segregation into special schools, work places, residential facilities
Access to needed support is the foundation for the inclusion of those with disabilities
The human body is a socio-cultural phenomenon, rather than simply a biological one. The socially constructed disabilities and chronic illnesses experienced by Canadians often act as barriers to inclusion.