By contrast, countries with weak democracies (little electoral power, absence of an independent judiciary) ‘routinely breach human rights treaties’ (at 675) without bothering with derogations. When they do use derogations, little information is provided and there is no reference to accountability to voters (at 697).
‘During the past half century, 33 states have invoked the escape clauses in the three treaties in our study’ (at 678).
Table 1 All derogations from the ECHR, ACHR, ICCPR:
UK: 52 in 28 years
Peru: 264 in 21 years
Russia: 18 in 5 years
Colombia: 30 in 15 years