Document B: The Great Trial
In 1922 he was arrested for writing articles that were accused of being able to spark a rebellion, and he pled guilty.
During this Satyagraha campaign, there were a few Indian protesters that had burned down houses :fire: and killed people (in one incident, 23 policemen).
Gandhi's version of Satyagraha was very closely tied to nonviolence, in that he did not want there to be any violent protests in his name
Gandhi did not like the violence, as it violated his principles of ahimsa and civil disobedience (which are both principles of peace and unarmed rebellion). In one of Gandhi's quotes, he condemned the acts of violence, and said that he did not want to be associated with it in any way, although he would have to.
Another one of Gandhi's quotes, however, says, "I wanted to avoid violence.... But I had to make my choice. I had either to submit to a system which I considered had done an irreparable harm to my country, or incur the risk of the mad fury of my people bursting forth, when they understood the truth from my lips."
Gandhi believed that the people who had committed the acts of violence were working for the right goal, but they were not going about it in the correct way, as he believed in nonviolence and peaceful protest.
Document C: Dharasana Salt Raid
In the 1930s, Gandhi was leading a Satyagraha movement against the British, by boycotting British salt and therefore ruining their monopoly on it.
In the city of Dharasana, there were large salt works, that were owned by the British
On May 5, 1930, over 2500 of Gandhi's followers and Gandhi himself marched to Dharasana to raid the salt works. They did not use any violence at all.
The Indian police then came in, and started to beat up the protesters, but they did not raise a single hand against their offenders.
Quote: "At times the spectacle of unresisting men being methodically bashed into a bloody pulp sickened me so much that I had to turn away. The western mind finds it difficult to grasp the idea of nonresistance."
Document A: A Bonfire of Certificates
Gandhi started a nonviolent protest to stop this protest, as he believed in satyagraha (holding fast to what is the right thing to do)
On August 16, 1908, Gandhi organized a bonfire, where over 2000 certificates were burnt.
A law was passed that required all Indians to register with and receive a certificate from the government, which they had to carry at all times. If they did not carry it, they would be jailed or even deported
Happened in 1908, in South Africa
His satyagraha campaign for the revocation of this act went on for six years, until 1914, when the South African government and Gandhi agreed to repeal the unjust laws in the "Black Act" (what the laws were commonly known as)
Definition: Holding to the Truth :star: :<3:
A Sanskrit Word
Satyagraha was closely related to ahimsa, as the protesters who followed Satyagraha would do everything they possibly can to stay nonviolent. Gandhi's Satyagraha followers all tried to follow the principle of ahimsa as much as possible :<3: