the war itself (civil war) 1642-1648 (the new modal army 1645 f…
the war itself (civil war) 1642-1648
1642 - 1644
between 1642 and 1644 there was only 1 big battle fought it was at edge hill in 1642 but it was indecisive
after that there where many small battles but nothing huge
in sepetmeber 1643 the scots signed a deal with parliament called the selolom league and covent they promised to fight the king along side parliament in return parliament promised to set up a new church without bishops
januray 1644 the scots cross the border and the royalists army retreat to york
prince rupart decided to fight the parliamentarian army ( round heads) they meat at marston moor 2 july 1644 ( parliament won)
many of the new modal army were puritans they thought that they where fighting for god
that made them determined to win
the new modal army 1645 f
parliament faced many problems because the leaders of his army where not woking together they fired the earl of essex in 1644
in 1645 they brought in thomas fairfax and oliver cormwell
fairfax and cromwell started making a new army called the new modal army
they merged all of the different forces in to a single army of 22,000
all of the officers where chosen on how good the are at fighting and commanding
both cromwell and fairfax where very experienced
the battle of nasebey 1645
This was the most important battle of the civil war it happened in June 1645.
News reached Charles that the new Model Army was going to lay siege to Oxford. He marched to meet them.
After some small skirmishes Charles decided to stand and fight even though Prince Rupert advised him not to.
Fairfax had positioned his troops well and waited. He placed musketeers to the front, and cavalry on both flanks. his foot soldiers were in the middle.
Rupert's cavalry had the early advantage. But they did stopped their attack and rode off to attack Parliament's baggage camp.
Charles seemed to be winning. Cromwell saved the day. They attacked and kept their discipline. Gradually the Royalists were overwhelmed.