Ecology of Nonparental Child Care (Socialization (Cognitively Oriented…
Ecology of Nonparental Child Care
Nonparental Child Care
Nonparental Child care (day care) - the care given to children by persons other than parents during the parts of the day that parents are absent.
Extended day care - the care provided for children before or after school hours or during vacations
High Quality centers will...
promote positive relationships
have well rounded curriculum
use effective teaching methods
provided assessments of child
have qualified staff
maintain good relationships with parents and community
have safe physical environment
Purposes of Child care
Social service - this was established to care for neglected children
Enrichment - this is to help develop the child
Parent employability - allows for parents to work outside the home
Intervention - allowed for children to be observed outside the home and have access to interventions needed
Concerns with child care
separation from mother - fear of not attaching correctly
quality of child care center
Ecological systems - how well will it all mix together
children need care and nurturance to develop, this can come from someone other than mother, intervention can happen early enough for a child to develop normaly
"Children who have had experience in a child-care program seem to be more socially competent than those who have not had such experience."
School and Community
there are extended school programs to help care for children outside of school hours.
latchkey children - children who carry their own key and let themselves into their homes
Curriculum - the goals and objections of an educational program, the teacher's role, the equipment and materials, the space arrangement, the kinds of activities, and the way they are scheduled
teacher-directed curriculum - a curriculum which the learning activities emerge from individual interests and teacher guidance
learner-directed curriculum - a curriculum in which the learning activities emerge from individual interests and teacher guidance.
Cognitively Oriented Curriculum
cognitively oriented curriculum - a curriculum that attempts to blend the virtues of purposeful teaching with open ended, child initiated activities
assimilation - Piagetian term for mental adaptation to one's environment by incorporating experiences
-accommodation - a Piagetian term for mental adaptation to one's environment by reconciling differences of experiences
equilibrium - a Piagetian term for the state of balance between assimilation and accommodation, thereby allowing knowledge to be incorporated
Direct Instruction - a curriculum based on behaviorist principles
Montessori - a curriculum based on individual self-directed learning with the teacher as the facilitator; materials provide exercises in daily living, sensory development, and academic development.
Developmental Interaction - a curriculum that is individualized in relation to each child's stage of development while providing many opportunities for children to interact with peers and adults
Tools of the Mind - a curriculum based on Vygotsky's sociocultural theory or learning and Gardner's theory of five minds for the future
Developmentally Appropriate Caregiving
maturation - developmental changes associated with the biological process of aging