Menggunakan Teknologi Informasi Lanjutan untuk Meningkatkan Kinerja (IT…
Menggunakan Teknologi Informasi Lanjutan untuk Meningkatkan Kinerja
Raw, unsummarized and unanalyzed facts such as volume of sales, level of costs, or number of customers
Data that are organized in a meaningful fashion
Attributes of useful information
The set of methods or techniques for acquiring, organizing, storing, manipulating, and transmitting information
Management information system(MIS)
A specific form of IT that managers select and use to generate the specific, detailed information they need to perform their roles effectively
Information Technology (IT)
set of methods or techniques for acquiring, organizing, storing, manipulating and transmitting information
Managers Achieve Control
-Establishing measurable goals
-Measuring actual performance
-Comparing actual performance with goals
-Evaluating results and taking any corrective action
Product Life Cycle
refers to the way in which the demand for a product changes in a predictable way over time
IT and the product life cycle
: many customers are entering the market and buying the product for the first time, and demand increases rapidly.
: begins when market demand peaks because most customers have already bought the product.
: a product has yet to gain widespread acceptance.
: when advancing IT leads to the development of a more advance product making the old one obsolete.
Six computer based management info systems
-Operations info systems
-Decision support systems
-Artificial intelligence and expert systems
-Enterprise resource planning systems
Operations info systems
An MIS that gathers comprehensive data, organizes them, summarizes them in a form that is of value to mangers
An MIS designed to handle large volumes of routine recurring transactions
Behavior by a machine that, if performed by a human being, would be called "intelligent"
Decision support systems
Provides computer built models that help managers make better nonprogrammed decisions
Enterprise resource planning systems
Multimodule application software packages that allows a company to link and coordinate the entire set of function activities and operations necessary to move products from the initial design stage to the final customer stage
Trade that takes place b/w companies and individual customers using IT and internet
Types of E-commerce
-B2B(COMPANY 2 COMPANY)
-B2C(COMPANY TO CUSTOMER)
A formal agreement that commits two or more companies to exchange or share their resources to produce and market a product
B2B network structure
A formal series of global strategic alliance that one or several organizations create w/suppliers, manufacturers, and distributors to produce and market a product
An organization whose members are linked by computers, faces, computer-aided design systems, and video teleconferencing and who rarely, if ever see one another face to face
Knowledge management system
Its company specific vitual info system that systematizes the knowledge of its employees and facilitates the sharing and integrating of expertise within and between functions and divisions through real-time interconnected IT.
Employees are linked to an org centralized databases by computers etc.