Urban Regeneration policies (Urban policy 1979-1991 - property led…
Urban Regeneration policies
Urban policy 1979-1991 - property led initiatives & creation of an entrepreneurial culture
emphasis on private sector to regenerate inner city areas.
Coalition boards with local businesses who were encouraged to buy land to attract the private sector.
- urban land grants and urban development corporations
1991 - 1997 Partnership schemes and competition led policies
greater focus on local leadership and partnerships between the private sector, communities, voluntary sector and the LA. strategies tackle social, economic and environmental problems in run down areas.
- city challenge and city pride
1997 - 2000's - area based initiatives
many strategies focused on narrowing the gap in key social and economic indicators between the most deprived neighbourhoods and the rest of the country. LA was set targets to improve health, education & employment ops by being allocated funding
- regional development agencies and new deal fro communities
calls for greater devolution of power to english cities, leading to more effective place based urban policies
Urban Development Corporations - 1980's
set up to regenerate inner city areas. made up from local people, encouraged to spend money on infrastructure, buying land and marketing to attract private investment. funding came from the government
- effective in attracting new businesses to run-down areas and improving UDC environments. by the mid 1990's there had been over £12billion private sector investments and created 200,000 jobs
- the property led approach did little to tackle other problems, such as social and environmental problems, and such as in the London Docklands, locals did not benefit.
City Challenge - 1990's
cities had to compete with each other for government grants. the cities which produced the best schemes were awarded grants. links were formed between the private sector and the local community and the LA. strategies focused on social economic & environmental problems in run down parts of a city.
- bidding resulted in more successful schemes being created. data from 1997 shows that cit challenge has improved 40,000 houses, created 60,000 jobs and claimed derelict land back.
- resources were thinly spread over large areas. areas which previously had funding due to needing it, no longer received funding as their bids were unsuccessful. money was lost on developing unsuccessful schemes.