Warm autoimmune hemolytic anemia is caused by autoimmune attack against red blood cells, primarily by IgG. It is the most common of the autoimmune hemolytic diseases. It can be idiopathic, that is, without any known cause, drug-associated or secondary to another disease such as systemic lupus erythematosus, or a malignancy, such as chronic lymphocytic leukemia.
In warm AIHA the antibody (usually IgG) causes haemolysis best at body temperature and haemolysis tends to occur in extravascular sites, for example the spleen.
Management options include steroids, immunosuppression and splenectomy
Causes of warm AIHA
autoimmune disease: e.g. systemic lupus erythematosus*
neoplasia: e.g. lymphoma, CLL
drugs: e.g. methyldopa