`Hypothesized that ASD would be much more common amongst young people with an ED compared to age, gender, and IQmatched typically developing controls. Using a wellvalidated clinical ASD assessment measure (the 3Disv), we did not find evidence to support this prediction: a diagnosis of ASD was not significantly more common amongst our EOED participants (1 case of ASD out of 22) compared to TD controls. However, we did find elevated levels of ASD traits in our EOED participants. Their scores on the RBS-R, a wellvalidated and detailed measure of autistic repetitive behavior, were significantly raised compared to TD controls. Specifically, young people with EOED had difficulties with resistance to change, compulsive behaviors, and self-injury of comparable severity to those of participants with ASD.
however, it has been argued that such disturbances are clearly
distinguishable from clinically defined eating disorders; yet they may precede their onset (Jacobi, et al, 2003). Indeed, around 16% of teenage AN sufferers are thought to have had a premorbid ASD (Rastam, 1992).