Lecture 12 Models as a Means of Knowledge Acquisition
Models as a Means of Knowledge Acquisition
A model acts as an entity for knowledge acquisition and an instrument for transforming the original object
The aim and result of modeling is the creation of a model
A model allows the acquisition of knowledge about the original object
The structure of a model – a complex organizational system of modules
Each module of a model represents an aspect of the model’s overall content
The law of similarity as its scientific and methodological base
Necessary features and stages of modeling: -systematic nature of process and knowledge acquisition, -comprehensive nature of model, -the possibility of the practical applicability of abstract and logical procedures, -principle of universal applicability, -allows prognosis concerning the original object, -ability to perform the functions of both knowledge-acquisition and creating forms. Empirical nature of Modeling
Function of modeling – an artificial construct used for research purposes
A method for acquiring knowledge about a complex object
Aim of modeling – to create an analogy which reflects of the features of the original in all its systematic interconnectivity
The structure of the modeling process involves the following specific
methods of knowledge acquisition
the use of abstraction
the use of analogies and their analysis
the formation of conclusions upon the basis of comparison, analogy, prognosis and other methods of knowledge acquisition
the formulation of hypotheses.
Interrelationship between “activity” and “communication”There are three main views:
1) “activity” and “communication” are two parallel sides of social life, there are interconnected as proposes;
2) “communication” is a specific element of “activity” whilst “activity” creates the conditions for “communication”;
3)“communication” is a special type of “activity” (“communicative activity”.
‘Model' as an artificial construct is that of a specialized entity created for the purpose of acquiring or storing information in the form of a model or description which reflects the characteristics of the original object under research.