Syria: The weapons used by both the armed opposition groups and the government armed forces, the army's inability to regain control of certain areas, the tens of thousands of victims, the mass mass flight of civilians into neighbouring countries, the mounting violence, UN's involvement in a fruitless effort to restore peace, in addition the intensive and constant use of force on the gov. side. In regards to organisation: the Free Syrian Army, the main armed group present at 2011-2012 had a general staff, controlled certain parts of the territory or was at least capable of preventing the Syrian army from entering certain areas, and had spokespersons and representatives. Thus the Free Syrian Army's degree of organisation appears to have met the relevant requirements. And can therefore be concluded that there was an ongoing NIAC, to which Common art. 3 can be applied.