why japan attacked USA in 1941
pearl harbour was a threat/hindrance in their plan to conquer other parts of the world- preventive action to keep the us pacific fleet from interfering with their plans
immediate reason : to destroy the us pacific fleet
japanese did not want to be involved in another war and they believed that if they attacked pearl harbour, us would be too weak to fight back
surprise military strike against US Naval Base at Pearl Habour
racism post great depression
Japan's defeat in WW2 was due to the atomic bombs
no it was due to other factors
the atomic bomb was not actually very different from the other city destruction campaigns
Sixty-eight cities in Japan were attacked and all of them were either partially or completely destroyed. Sixty-six of these raids were carried out with conventional bombs, two with atomic bombs.
The destruction caused by conventional attacks was huge. Night after night, all summer long, cities would go up in smoke. In the midst of this cascade of destruction, it would not be likely that the atomic bomb made much of an impression — even if it was a remarkable new type of weapon.
In terms of the number of people killed in all 68 cities bombed in the summer of 1945, Hiroshima was second in terms of civilian deaths.
In terms of the number of square miles destroyed, Hiroshima was fourth.
In terms of the percentage of the city destroyed, Hiroshima was 17th.
Therefore, it was likely that, to the Japanese government the atomic bomb attacks were no different from conventional bombings or else they would have taken action a long time ago
The Japanese were in a relatively difficult strategic situation. They were nearing the end of a war they were losing. Conditions were bad.
Even the most hard-line leaders in Japan’s government knew that the war could not go on.
Japan’s leaders hoped that they might be able to figure out a way to avoid war crimes trials, keep their form of government(protect the Imperial Family), and keep some of the territories they’d conquered
Tsuyoshi Hasegawa - a highly respected historian at the University of California, Santa Barbara - has marshaled compelling evidence that it was the Soviet entry into the Pacific conflict, not Hiroshima and Nagasaki, that forced Japan’s surrender.
use of kamikaze fighters
kamikaze fighters were inexperienced and young soldiers who were only used because japan was in a desperate solution to fight.
their accuracy was low
on average. only 10% will hit its targets as kamikaze planes are usually shot down before it hits its targets, eg okinawa 193 planes, 169 were shot down
America unveiled a terrifying new weapon, dropping atomic bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki, purposefully excecuting civillians on a mass scale
In a matter of days, the Japanese submitted, bringing the fighting, finally, to a close.
the japanese air force and navy were destroyed , and the intensive bombing of the cities left the country and its economy devastated