rubber condoms (intro 1855)
contraceptive pill (intro 1961)
-means of providing a barrier
-chemical or physical
-taking a chemical that stops the fertilised egg sticking to the side of the womb e.g. morning after pill
natural family planning/natural contraception:
-rhythm and method (working out when a woman is less likely to conceive)
pros & cons & Christian attitudes
prevents disease, prevents pregnancy, pleasure sex, prevent birth defects, population control, prevents spread of virus, do not end up with an unwanted child (quality of life)
'not natural', not 100% reliable, risk of ending a potential life (Roman Catholic view), (sanctity of life), chemical side effects, encourages teens, lessens responsibility, against God's will, improper use of contraceptive
contraception is sinful
the main purpose of sexual intercourse is to procreate
contraception either prevents pregnancy or acts like an abortion, which is murder
natural methods of family planning i.e. tracking the rhythm of the menstrual cycle are permitted as don't interfere with God's plan
God gave humans the capacity for making responsible decisions
procreation is not the primary purpose of sexual intercourse
good reasons for not wanting kids e.g. poverty, genetic disorder, age gaps, HIV
if unmarried person determined to engage in sexual intercourse then contraception responsible
=sexual attraction to the opposite sex
'so God created human beings, making them to be like himself. He created them male and female, blessed them, and said "have many children..."
approval both in inclination and practice
(thinking it or doing it)
the way God intended
Adam and Eve - Eve created to be the companion of Adam
=sexual attraction to the same sex
many differentiate between inclination and practice
(in other words thinking it or doing it)
Roman Catholic Church - accept inclination
-should be no discrimination
-'must be accepted with respect, compassion and sensitivity' Catechism of Catholic Church
-practising chastity because contrary to the natural law
Anglican Church - generally against
-Anglican clergy shouldn't be practising homosexuals but left to conscience
-'homosexual tendencies and practices are sinful'
Methodist Church - accepting
-1993 resolution 'affirms and celebrates the participation of lesbians and gay men in the church'
'No man is to have sexual relationships with another man'
-Both Old and New Testament take the same attitude
-some Christians believe that the Bible's teachings were inspired by God (Fundamentalists) so this is completely true. Same-sex relationships are therefore against God's will
-others would say Bible teachings are to be respected, but not word for word true (Liberals). Writers were influenced by the culture of their time which did not embrace the loving same-sex relationships seen in modern times.
sexual relationships outside marriage:
-adultery=relationship where at least one of the people is married to someone else
-premarital=sexual relationship before marriage
-casual sex: relationship without commitment e.g. one night stand
-cohabitation=living together and having a sexual relationship
-traditionally sex outside marriage has been a form of sexual immorality
-Christians encourage purity
-1 Thessalonians 4:3-5 "...you should always avoid sexual immorality; that each of you should learn to control his own body. Do you know that your body is a temple of the Holy Spirit.."
-1 Corinthians 6:18-19 "flee from sexual immorality. All other sins a man commits are done outside the body; but he who sins sexually sins against his body"
age of consent
=16 years to avoid exploitation and harm to young people
-began in 1996 in USA to resolve number of teen preggers
-UK in 2004
-aims to give teens full access to facts about premarital sexual relationships
-promotes chastity before marriage as God's will for human beings & best way fo avoiding harmful physical & emotional effects of premarital sex
-see case study of Lydia Playfoot