Otherworldliness & Emotionalism (Otherworldliness (Pro-Spiritual (AME…
Otherworldliness & Emotionalism
Effect of Slavery
W. E. B. DuBois' "The Religion of the American Negro"
Early Slave Christianity: doctrine of passive submission
W. E. B. DuBois' "The Negro Church"
Negro Church, as a result of slavery, emphasised emotionalism
Freedom caused a move away from emotionalism
Levi Coppin's "Fifty Years of Religious Progress"
Slave Life: Absence of doctrine & discipline led to emotionalism
Intense emotionalism = a relic of the past
Howard Thurman's "The Negro Spiritual Speaks of Life & Death"
Otherworldly emphasis not merely a matter of escape and retreat
Mays and Nicholson's "The Negro Church"
Relationship between slavery and emotional religious escapism
White support to black preachers who preached heaven focus & obedience
Three kinds of sermon: one is other-worldly
Sterling Brown's "Negro Folk Expressions"
Non-religious slave songs mocked otherworldliness
Francis Grimke's "The Afro-American Pulpit in Relation to Race Elevation
One of the three characteristics of the AA Ministry: Emotionalism
W. E. B. DuBois' "Of the Faith of the Fathers"
Music & Frenzy: 2/3rds of the religion of the Negro
Believe that, without visible manifestation, there is no true communion with the invisible
Letters on the Second Exodus"
Importance of revivals
Orishatukeh Faduma's "The Defects of the Negro Church"
Defect: tendency to lay stress on outwardness rather than inwardness
Too much emphasis by the laity on emotion, too little on duty
Hortense Powedermaker's "After Freedom"
"Getting religion" at revivals
George Schuyler's "Black America Begins to Doubt"
Rural Church: shouting, moaning, preying on the fears of the ignorant
Gunnar Myrdal's "An American Dilemma"
Frustration went into emotionalism
Issue of emotionalism is a keen divider
Nannie Burroughs' "Report of the Work of Baptist Women"
Majority of religious preachers have preached too much Heaven and too little practical Christian living
Lacy KirkWilliams' "Effects of Urbanization"
Too much focus on heaven in Negro churches
AME Council of Bishops' "Address on the Great Migration"
Should not neglect the kingdom of God
"Our age is full of scepticism"
William Lloyd Imes' "Black Pastures"
"Our modern world thinks it has little use for the other-worldly point of view"
Rev. A Wendell Ross' "Who is Friend of Negro: God or Darrow?"
Church against materialism and soul-suicide
Carter Woodson's "Things of the Spirit"
Urban church engaged in social action, the rural church focuses on the spiritual
Most people "hell scared"
RR Wright's "Social Work and Influence of the Negro Church"
Church: emotional and concerned more with heaven and hell
Wallace Muhammad's "Self-Government in the New World"
People too spiritual and ignoring the physical world
E. Ethelred Brown's "The God of an Eternal Penitentiary"
Attack on the God of the Hell of the Orthodox Churches
William Pickens' "Things Nobody Believes"
Attack on the belief of hell
H. L. Mencken's "Treatise on the Gods"
Ancient people didn't focus on what happened to their souls after death