what changes in europe led to the renaissance (setting the stage (Much of…
what changes in europe led to the renaissance
setting the stage
Much of the power in Europe from the 1300s to the 1600s lay in three major areas: the city-states of Italy, the Papal States, and the Holy Roman Empire.
where was most of the power in Europe
The city of Rome was also a prosperous and important city. It was part of an area known as the Papal States. These were territories in central Italy controlled by the pope, the spiritual leader of the Roman Catholic Church.
To the north of the Papal States and the Italian city-states lay the Holy Roman Empire.
section 1 introduction
Toward the end of the Middle Ages, a great flowering of culture called the Renaissance began in Italy
Historians use the word to describe the rebirth of widespread interest in classical art and learning that took place in Europe from about 1300 to about 1600 C.E.
Renaissance is a French word that means “rebirth"
what do you thing historians should find out in the future
section 4 The Influence of Italian City-States
During the Renaissance, groups of guild members, called boards, often ruled Italian city-states.
Trade made the Italian city-states dazzlingly wealthy.
The Renaissance began in northern and central Italy. One reason why it began there was the prosperity of Italian city-states.
what do you think they did with wealth
section 3 the growth in trade and commerce
One reason for the flowering of culture during the Renaissance was the growth of trade and commerce.
The increase in trade led to a new kind of economy. During the Middle Ages, people bartered, or traded, goods. By the Renaissance, people were using coins to buy merchandise, creating a money economy.
Starting in the 11th century, the Crusades strengthened contacts between western Europe and Byzantine and Muslim cultures. Merchants brought goods and ideas from the East that helped to reawaken interest in classical culture.
what new type of economy
section 2 what was the renaissance
The Renaissance began in Italy in the 1300s and spread to other parts of Europe in the 1400s and 1500s.
In the Late Middle Ages, merchants and Crusaders brought back goods and ideas from the East, including classical learning that had been preserved in the Byzantine Empire.
The Renaissance began with the rediscovery of the classical world of ancient Greece and Rome.
3 reasons why the Renaissance began
section 5 the growth of Humanism
They tried to improve on the work of the ancient Greeks and Romans.
The interest in learning during the Renaissance was spurred on by humanism.
The humanists' new ideas sometimes brought them into conflict with the Catholic Church.
what new ideas do you think they had and how did they improve