Catholic Church and the Counter Reformation (Objectives and Lectures ( …
Catholic Church and the Counter Reformation
Objectives and Lectures
The Catholic Church responded with Counter Reformation.
Baroque was adopted by the Catholic Church
Formed a new order called the Jesuits
Examined how the Catholic Church would reform
Council of Trent
(1545-1563) Affirmation of Catholic Doctrine.
Need to know the Scripture
Needs to respect tradition
Pope needs to be anointed by God. (Magisterium)
Reformation of the church practice
Quality of Priests went up.
Seminaries, schools for training priests get better.
Perception is reality
Not ok to sell indulgences
Emphasis on Personal Piety
Jesuits and Ignatius Loyola
If anyone shall say, that man may be justified before God by his own works, whether done through the strength of human nature, or through the teaching of the law without the divine grace through Jesus Christ; let him be Anathema
If any one shall say, that, since Adam's sin, the free will of man is lost and extinguished; or, that it is a thing with a name only, yea, a title without figment; let him be anathema
If any one shall say, that the sacraments of the New Law were not all instituted by Jesus Christ our lord; or that they are more or less than seven; let him be anathema
If any one shall say that baptism is not necessary unto salvation; let him be anathema.
The society of Jesus Ignatius of Loyola founder
He was a knight that believed in Spiritual Warfare.
Jesuit schools and universities still thrive all over the world.
Baroque and the Counter Reformation
St. Teresa of Avila (Monastic Reformer Theologian and Mystic.)
Bernini, Ecstasy of St. Teresa
The revival of Spirituality