Catholic Church and the Catholic Reformation (Baroque and the Counter…
Catholic Church and the Catholic Reformation
Lectures and Objectives
The Catholic Church responded to the Protestant movement with the
Council of Trent
(1545-1563) examined how the Catholic Church would reform for the better. It played a vital role in revitalizing the Roman Catholic Church in many parts of Europe.
The Catholic Church formed a new order called the
led by Ignatius Loyola and emphasized education.
art, music, and architecture style was adopted by the Catholic Church to bring out the strong emotions of the Christian faith.
Council of Trent
For 18 years, the Catholic church analyzes what they are doing right and what they are doing wrong. (1545-1563)
The Affirmation of Catholic Doctrine tells what the Catholic Church believes and what they follow
The Reformation of Church Practice follows how the Church went about changing from a Latin mass to English and the abolishing of unqualified priests.
Sources of Authority: Scripture (Foundation of Catholic Doctrine), Tradition (Respect for Precedent), Magisterium (Teaching Authority of Pope and Bishop)
Jesuits and Ignatius Loyola
During the Reformation of the Catholic Church, priests had to go to seminaries, which were training schools for priests.
Indulgences are okay, but the selling of indulgences is not considered okay anymore.
Ignatius Loyola believed the smarter you are about you're faith, the more likely you are to combat spiritual warfare.
The founder of the Society of Jesus (Jesuits) is a man named Ignatius Loyola, who was a converted knight.
Baroque and the Counter Reformation
The Catholic Church tried to go back to their roots, with Spiritual Exercises and Emphasis on Personal Piety.
All judgment is to be laid aside, and you are to have an open mind, and be ready to obey.
St. Teresa of Avila started to reform the monasteries. She was a theologian and mystic.
The Catholic Church wanted to go back to Simplicity, and back to the roots of the Catholic Church.
Ecstasy of St. Teresa
is a great example of Baroque style, because of the expressions on the character's faces.