What changes in Europe led to the Renaissance? …
What changes in Europe led to the Renaissance? Emma Jones 3rd
Setting the Stage
The city of Rome was an important city. It was part of the Papal states. It was controlled by the pope, the leader of the Roman Catholic Church.
What part of Italy most influenced Europe?
The Holy Roman empire was established by King Charlemagne in the 700s. This was the period of the Renaissance encompassed a large piece of land that stretched to the North Sea. The Holy Roman empire was ruled by many powerful princes.
The 3 major areas where the city-states of Italy, the Papal states, and the Holy Roman Empire. They were not unified at this time like Italy is today. That is where they helb most of the power
Medieval European society was based on feudalism. Most people lived on feudal manors. The Roman Catholic Church encouraged people to think more about life after death than about daily life on Earth.
Why was the Renaissance so important in the history of Europe?
By the Late Middle Ages, changes were occurring that paved the way for the Renaissance. Trade and commerce increased. Cities grew larger and wealthier. Newly wealthy merchants and bankers supported the growth of arts and learning.
Renaissance is a French word that means "rebirth".It is used to describe the rebirth of the classical art and the learning that took place in Europe.
The growth of trade and commerce
The increase in trade led to a new kind of economy. During the Middle Ages, people bartered, or traded, goods. By the Renaissance, people were using coins to buy merchandise, creating a money economy.
How did trade affect Europe?
The Renaissance brought growth of trade and commerce to Europe as well as good ideas.It created prosperous cities and new classes of people who had the wealth to support art and learning.
The crusades strengthened contacts between Western Europe, Muslim cultures and Byzantine. Muslims brought food and ideas to Europe.
The growth of Humanism
The new philosophy of humanism spurred interest in learning and fresh ways of thinking. Humanists, such as Francesco Petrarch, sought to balance religious faith with an emphasis on individualism, the workings of the natural world, and human society. They sought to separate the workings of government from the Church.
How did the growth of humanism influence the Renaissance?
They discovered a new way of looking at life.They focused on the importance of individuality. They believed that all people should have the ability to rule their own lives.
The interest in learning during the Renaissance was spurred on by humanism. This way of thinking sought to balance religious faith with an emphasis on individual dignity and an interest in nature and human society.
What was the Renaissance?
The classical period lasted from about 500 B.C.E. to 500 C.E. The classical artists of Greece and Rome created sculptures, pottery, murals, and mosaics. The purpose of much of their art was to show the importance of ordinary people and civic leaders, as well as gods and goddesses.
Why did they care so much about the art?
The medieval period lasted from about 500 to about 1300 C.E. Medieval artists created stained glass windows, sculptures, illuminated manuscripts, paintings, and tapestries. The purpose of much medieval art was to teach religion to people who could not read or write.
The Renaissance was a flowering of art and learning that was inspired by a rediscovery of the classical cultures of Greece and Rome. It began in Italy around 1300 and spread throughout Europe, lasting to the early 1600s.
The influence of Italian city-states
In italy, there were growing towns that changed into city-states unlike Western Europe. They conducted their own trade, collected their own taxes, and made their own laws.
How did trade affect Italy?
Trade made the city-states very wealthy. Each city-state sold their own thing.Florence became a center for cloth making and banking. Milan produced metal goods and armor.
The Renaissance began in northern and central Italy. One reason why it began there was the prosperity of Italian city-states.